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Decentralization Policy of Local Government Units in the Philippines: The Implementation of Republi...

Term Paper Number
898599350
Term Paper Description
Decentralization Policy of Local Government Units in the Philippines: The Implementation of Republic Act No. 7160 in the Province of Ilocos Sur
Publish Year
2006
Academy
Universiity of Northern Philippines
Course
Ph.D. in Education
Number Of Pages
29
Number Of Words
11433
Price
15 $ (USD)
Keywords
Decentralization, Devolution
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Paper Abstract

Decentralization Policy of Local Government Units: A Research Study on the Implementation of Republic Act No. 7160

Introduction

          The implementation of Republic Act No.7160 otherwise known as Local  Government Code of 1991 had evolved to new structural process through the application of decentralization system in local governance. In this mandate, the Local Government Units have given more powers, authority, responsibilities and resources to become responsive and self-reliant to needs of the community. This is also implemented and formulated based on the operative principle of decentralization as provided in the policy and application of Republic Act No.7160. The operative principle of decentralization is provided in section 3, Chapter I, title one form paragraph (a) to (m) as mandated in the Local Government Code of 1991.

            The structural set up of the LGU reflects the primary mechanism to determine the implementation of effective policy for the delivery of basic services in the community. Te initiative of local officials to articulate the vision, mission, philosophy and goal would also reflect their capability to produce quality services to the community. The capability of LGU also begins the process of governance with respect to the mandated power and authority as vested b the local government officials. This is within the provision on General Welfare ( Section 17)  that “ Every  Local Government  Unit shall exercise the powers expressly granted , those necessarily implied there from, as well as powers necessary, appropriate, or incidental for its efficient and effective governance, and those which are essential to the promotion of the general welfare. Within their respective territorial jurisdictions, Local Government Units shall ensure and support, among other things, the preservation and enrichment of culture, promote health and safety, enhance the right of people to balanced ecology, encourage and support the development of appropriate and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities, improve public morals, enhance economic prosperity and social social justice, promote full employment among their residents, maintain peace and order, and preserve the comfort and convenience of their inhabitants”

           Specifically, this study evaluated the effectiveness and responsiveness of decentralization policy within the context of basic services and facilities (Republic Act No. 7160, Section 17-2) .Those devolved programs that are transferred to LGUs: Agricultural Extension and On-Site Research (DA); infrastructure projects (DPWH); Field Health and Hospital Services (DOH); Social Welfare Services (DSWD); Community-Based Forestry Program ( DENR) and other investment support services. It should be noted that the critical analysis in the devolved programs relies so much on the priority development programs implemented by the LGU Executive Officials including the support of the head or chief of municipal offices. Thus, it utilized the LGU Executive Officials, Department Heads and Personnel to assess their current experiences as to the implementation of the decentralization policy in their respective municipality.



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